Basic Forms of Urdu Poetry

Urdu Poetry follows some strict rules that define its whole structure. All these rules administer the lines that are used to form an Urdu poem as well as dictate their rhythm, meter, ending words, rhyming pattern etc. Despite these rules, Urdu poetry has developed into an intricate subject that manifests itself in several different forms.

Each form of Urdu poetry has its own set of characteristics. Although, there are numerous forms available till date, but let’s have a look on some of the most popular ones:

  • Ghazal: A Ghazal is a collection of couplets or ‘shers’. Each couplet focuses on a specific theme or expresses a single thought. Also, each couplet has the power to stand alone and must have the same bahar, meter, rhyming pattern, qafiya and radeef. Moreover, each couplet of a Ghazal must have an opening couplet – matla. It should be noted that many Ghazals have the pen name of their poet in the last couplet which is known as maqta.
  • Masnawi: A masnawi is a lengthy poem that narrates us the stories of battles fought in the past. This form of Urdu poetry generally represents an ethical or philosophical thought. A Masnawi is longer as compared to a Ghazal and it features rhyming couplets. Also, each of the couplets contained in a Masnawi follow a different rhyming pattern and also end in dissimilar words.

  • Marsiya: A Marsiya is a poem that expresses the sorrow over the loss (death) of a beloved person. From the historical point of view, the traditional Marsiya was created to honour the sacrifice made by Hazrat Imam Husain and his troops during the Battle of Karbala (found on Oct 10, 680 AD).

  • Nazm: Nazm refers to a poetry that cannot be put into one specific category. Generally, each verse in a Nazm is based on the main theme. In traditional Nazm, one will find a same rhyming pattern, but nowadays Nazams are basically written in free verse (not compulsory either).

  • Qasida: This form represents a ballad that depicts the praise of a king/nobleman. Qasida is a very long piece of text that may contain more than 100 couplets. Just like Ghazals, a Qasida begins with a rhyming couplet. It also uses the same rhyming pattern throughout the poem. Very few people know that the Ghazal was originally derived from Qasida.

    Through these forms, you might have got the fact that Urdu poetry is a very complex subject. It takes several years to correctly master the art of Urdu poetry. No doubt that it is very difficult to study this subject, but that doesn’t mean you cannot enjoy fantastic Urdu poems that have been written so far. If you are interested in reading such poetries, browse web and you will find innumerable poems of different kinds.  Also, have a look on our Love Shayaris. These shayaris are not only fun to read, but are also great to share with your loved ones. Something full of love, romance, passion, desire, care, affection, and much more!
    We are sure that you will adore these Love Shayaris!

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